What is Psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy is a process whereby a Psychotherapist or Clinical Psychologist and a client who meet in privacy and confidence to explore the emotional or psychological problems that you are experiencing. This could take the form of distressing feelings, thoughts or memories related to the circumstances in your current life or in your past. Therapy is about being able to take an honest look at yourself with your Therapist in order to gain new insights, and through this process, become more empowered to solve your emotional problems. Psychotherapy is about alleviating Psychological distress through exploring your experiences, this is partly through talking, and partly through gaining more insight and understanding of your internal processes in the moment - this may include feelings, somatic or bodily experiences, memories etc.

How long does it last?

Individual Psychotherapy sessions last for either 60 or 90 minutes and usually take place on a weekly basis. How many sessions you have and the length of the sessions will be agreed together. It is not usually possible to tell you exactly how many sessions you will need as this depends upon several individual factors including your level of motivation and the nature of your specific problems. However, I will regularly review our work together, what your goals are, and whether you view yourself as making the progress you wish to make in therapy. Some people only require a few sessions over weeks or months, whereas others may come for longer term Psychotherapy over a number of years. Psychotherapy is a personal process, what happens in your own psychotherapy process will be unique to you.

What type of therapy will I have?

I am a Clinical Psychologist which is very different from Counselling. As a Clinical Psychologist and Psychotherapist I have training in a number of different types of psychological therapy. Clinical Psychologists tend to integrate different forms of therapy together according to the needs of the individual, and as such, no two therapies will be the same. Clinical Psychologists are ‘Scientist-Practitioners’ which means we draw on scientific evidence as to what has been proven to be effective for individuals. I am trained in ISTDP (Intensive Short Term Dynamic Therapy) (, and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing), (, but also use and/or have been trained in other therapies including CBT (Cognitive Behaviour Therapy), REBT (Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy), Cognitive Analytical Therapy (CAT), Mindfulness and Compassionate Mind Therapy, Gestalt, Focusing, Systemic therapy and Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT).

Psychodynamic therapy - focuses on the ways early experiences in family relationships can affect our development and well being throughout life. Such experiences can have a profound effect on our sense of self that is largely unconscious. I work with individuals to understand and ameliorate distress that is rooted in early experience.

Cognitive and cognitive-behavioural therapy - focuses on how we learn to think and behave. Psychological distress can be related to patterns of thinking and behaviour that cause difficulties and I work with clients to identify these patterns and change them.

Humanistic and person-centred approaches - focuses on the conditions that affect our sense of self and the ways we feel about and value ourselves. Distress can be linked to a lack of self-worth and therapists often work with clients to understand how they have learnt to see themselves and to build self-esteem.

Systemic therapy - focuses on systems of relationships in families and groups and the ways that individuals are shaped by group expectations and the roles they play. This involves helping individuals to understand and change patterns of relationship that cause difficulties.

Dr Soraya De Boni, Chartered Clinical Psychologist & Psychotherapist    Tel. 07946 179423